Learning to Retrieve Relevant Experiences for Motion Planning

C. Chamzas, A. Cullen, A. Shrivastava, and L. E. Kavraki, “Learning to Retrieve Relevant Experiences for Motion Planning,” 2022 International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pp. 7233–7240, May 2022.


Recent work has demonstrated that motion planners’ performance can be significantly improved by retrieving past experiences from a database. Typically, the experience database is queried for past similar problems using a similarity function defined over the motion planning problems. However, to date, most works rely on simple hand-crafted similarity functions and fail to generalize outside their corresponding training dataset. To address this limitation, we propose (FIRE), aframework that extracts local representations of planning problems and learns a similarity function over them. To generate the training data we introduce a novel self-supervised method that identifies similar and dissimilar pairs of local primitives from past solution paths. With these pairs, a Siamese network is trained with the contrastive loss and the similarity function is realized in the network’s latent space. We evaluate FIRE on an 8-DOF manipulator in five categories of motion planning problems with sensed environments. Our experiments show that FIRE retrieves relevant experiences which can informatively guide sampling-based planners even in problems outside its training distribution, outperforming other baselines.

Publisher: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICRA46639.2022.9812076

PDF preprint: http://kavrakilab.org/publications/chamzas2022-learn-retrieve.pdf